Intestinal obstruction or blockage of the intestines in the digestive tract is an impairment of the intestines or simply an arrest of the passage of contents through the intestine. These results to digestive problems such as "crampy" abdominal pain, vomiting, green vomit and fecal vomiting (feces-like vomit) as well as constipation, susceptibility to release feces, blood-stained mucus or passing jelly-like mucus and shock.
When there is blockage in the small or large intestines, the obstruction in the large intestines can lead to colon cancer. The large intestine is composed of the colon as well as the rectum. The colon is the part where stool is formed while the rectum is the part of the excretory system that dumps it outside the body via the anal canal. For blockage happening in the small intestines, it called small bowel obstruction while blockage in the colon is referred to as colonic obstruction.
There are several causes of intestinal obstruction. The three most common are adhesions, hernias and cancerous tumors. Adhesions are bands of scar tissue that form in the abdomen after an injury or surgery. Hernia develops when a part of the intestine protrudes to a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Intestinal obstruction can also be a result of volvulus, the presence of foreign bodies in the digestive tract, intussusception, congenital defects and infection.
Intestinal obstruction of the large intestine or colonic obstruction is less common as compared to obstructions in the small intestines. Blockage of large bowel is usually caused by colon cancer.
While obstruction of the small intestines can be treated with IV fluids and bowel decompression, for colon cancer, surgical treatments are already necessary. If left untreated for a long period, it can lead to death. This is why proper diagnosis for intestinal obstruction is necessary as it may help prolong your life.
Billions of cells made up our bodies. These cells grow, divide and die. When something goes wrong to this system of cells, it can result in cancer. It is cancer that causes uncontrolled growth and cell division. These cancer cells group together and form a mass of tissues called cancer tumor. When cancer cells are present in the colon, of course, colon cancer becomes a threat to your living existence.
Colon cancer does not typically show symptoms or signs, except for intestinal obstruction. People with a family history of colon cancer are the ones who are more susceptible to the condition. This also goes for people with long-standing ulcers. These risks, however, can be preceded by eating less fat and more fiber.
Intestinal obstruction or its symptoms must not be taken lightly. Seek immediate diagnosis such as tests and abdominal x-rays. Treatment includes fluid resuscitation, suction, nasogastric and, in most serious cases, surgery and chemotherapy.